Volume 50, Number 1, January-March 2016
|Page(s)||145 - 155|
|Published online||12 January 2016|
Optimal Control Policy of an Inventory System with Postponed Demand∗
1 Department of Mathematics,
G.T.N. Arts College,
2 Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Madurai Kamaraj Univesity Madurai, 625021 Tamilnadu, India.
3 Department of Mathematics, Cochin University of Science & Technology, 682022 Kerala, India
Accepted: 8 December 2014
This paper deals with the problem of controlling the selection rates of the pooled customer of a single commodity inventory system with postponed demands. The demands arrive according to a Poisson process. The maximum inventory level is fixed at S. The ordering policy is (s,S) policy that is as and when the inventory level drops to s an order for Q( = S − s) items is placed. The ordered items are received after a random time, which is distributed as exponential. We assume that the demands that occur during stock out period either enter a pool of finite size or leave the system according to a Bernoulli distribution. Whenever the on-hand inventory level is positive, customers are selected one-by-one and the selection rate can be chosen from a given set. The problem is to determine a decision rule that specifies the rate of these selections as a function of the on-hand inventory level and the number of customers waiting in the pool at each instant of time to minimise the long-run total expected cost rate. The problem is modelled as a semi-Markov decision problem. The optimal policy is computed using Linear Programming algorithm and the results are illustrated numerically.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 90B05 / 90C40
Key words: Inventory control / semi-Markov decision process / Postponed demands
© EDP Sciences, ROADEF, SMAI 2016
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