Volume 51, Number 3, July-September 2017
|Page(s)||567 - 575|
|Published online||07 June 2017|
Least squares solutions of linear inequality systems: a pedestrian approach∗
1 Facultad de Ingenieria, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.
2 Institut de Mathématiques, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France
3 Laboratoire J.L. Lions, Université P. et M. Curie, Paris, France.
Received: 8 March 2016
Accepted: 11 June 2016
With the help of elementary results and techniques from Real Analysis and Optimization at the undergraduate level, we study least squares solutions of linear inequality systems. We prove existence of solutions in various ways, provide a characterization of solutions in terms of nonlinear systems, and illustrate the applicability of results as a mathematical tool for checking the consistency of a system of linear inequalities and for proving “theorems of alternative” like the one by Gordan. Since a linear equality is the conjunction of two linear inequalities, the proposed results cover and extend what is known in the classical context of least squares solutions of linear equality systems.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 90C25 / 93E24 / 52A40 / 65K10
Key words: Linear inequalities / least squares solutions / convex polyhedron / quadratic function / alternative theorem
“De tous les principes qu’on peut proposer pour cet objet, je pense qu’il n’en est pas de plus général, de plus exact, ni d’une application plus facile que celui qui consiste à rendre minimum la somme des carrés des erreurs”. “Of all the principles that can be proposed, I think there is none more general, more exact, and more easy of application, than that which consists of minimizing the sum of the squares of the errors”. A.-M. Legendre, Nouvelles méthodes pour la détermination des orbites des comètes, Paris (1805).
© EDP Sciences, ROADEF, SMAI 2017
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.