Volume 52, Number 4-5, October–December 2018
|Page(s)||1043 - 1067|
|Published online||22 November 2018|
Production-inventory and emission reduction investment decision under carbon cap-and-trade policy★
School of Economics and Management, Southeast University,
No. 2 Sipailou,
210096, P.R. China.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 27 April 2018
The increasing amount of carbon emissions has caused global warming and challenged the sustainable development of environment. Governments around the world have implemented carbon policies including carbon cap-and-trade policy. In this paper, we focus on how a two-echelon supply chain manages its carbon footprints in production and inventory under carbon cap-and-trade policy. We extend the classical EOQ (economic order quantity) model and study decisions on production-inventory, carbon trading and emission reduction investment in the decentralized and centralized situations. The results show that emission permit sharing can effectively reduce the total cost and total carbon emissions of the supply chain. Moreover, the manufacturer’s emission reduction effort rises with the increase of the buying and selling prices of emission permits under centralized decision-making. In addition, a compensation mechanism is proposed for the centralized supply chain with emission permit sharing. It is observed that the buying and selling prices of emission permits have a positive influence on the permit sharing price in the compensation mechanism. Meanwhile, the retailer pays less for using the emission permits if it has a higher carbon cap, while the manufacturer with a higher carbon cap is more capable to provide a high compensation for the retailer.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 91A40
Key words: Production-inventory / emission permit sharing / emission reduction investment / cap-and-trade policy / supply chain
© EDP Sciences, ROADEF, SMAI 2018
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