Volume 53, Number 4, October 2019
|Page(s)||1155 - 1169|
|Published online||29 July 2019|
A novel approach to stochastic input-output modeling
Bioversity International, Via dei Tre Denari, 472/a, 00054 Maccarese (Fiumicino), Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 19 June 2018
An approach to input-output modeling is proposed in which the inner consumption and the final demand are random. The main aspects of its novelty are: (a) the economy is allowed to be nonproductive with a certain probability ϰ ∈ [0,1); (b) the economy can be open, which means that import of the corresponding commodities is included in the model. In this approach, the production-and-import plan is set to be feasible if the probability of not satisfying the final demand does not exceed a certain value α ∈ (0,1). Then the problem of finding optimal plans consists in minimizing the production and import costs on the set of feasible plans. The solvability of this problem and properties of the solutions are studied and a concrete example of the stochastic input-output model is analyzed.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 91B70 / 91B66
Key words: Leontief model / stochastic model / optimization / cost function / open economy
© EDP Sciences, ROADEF, SMAI 2019
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