Volume 55, 2021Regular articles published in advance of the transition of the journal to Subscribe to Open (S2O). Free supplement sponsored by the Fonds National pour la Science Ouverte
|S1789 - S1802
|02 March 2021
Coordinating a decentralized supply chain with capacity cost compensation
School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, #96 JinZhai Road, Baohe District, Hefei, Anhui 230026, P.R. China
2 Hunan Key Laboratory of Macroeconomic Big Data Mining and its Application, School of Business, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, Hunan 410081, P.R. China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 19 May 2020
Capacity planning, as a vital asset, is a challenge problem for firms in various industries, such as organic agriculture, apparels and high-tech industry. However, many manufacturers are conservative about their capacity investment for a variety of reasons. As a result, many retailers have the motivation to stimulate manufacturers to enhance the capacity level. In this paper, we propose a revenue sharing and capacity cost compensation contract to help the retailer stimulate her manufacturer to increase the capacity level. In the contract, the retailer keeps a portion of sales revenue and compensates for the manufacturer’s capacity cost. They face a stochastic demand and play a Stackelberg game where the retailer acts as a leader and the manufacturer acts as a follower. We prove that the channel can be perfectly coordinated through our proposed contract. Moreover, we give a feasible range of profit distribution, in which both channel members can earn no less profit than that in non-cooperation. Meanwhile, comparing with centralized channel with multiplicative demand, we find that capacity in decentralized channel tends to be lower.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 90Bxx / 91Axx
Key words: Supply chain management / capacity compensation / cooperative game / coordination mechanism
© EDP Sciences, ROADEF, SMAI 2021
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