Volume 55, Number 3, May-June 2021
|Page(s)||1767 - 1785|
|Published online||23 June 2021|
The comparison of pricing methods in the carbon auction market via multi-agent Q-learning
Industrial Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, PO Box 91775-1111, Mashhad, Iran.
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 20 April 2021
In this paper, the uniform price and discriminative price methods are compared in the carbon auction market using multi-agent Q-learning. The government and different firms are considered as agents. The government as auctioneer allocates initial permits in the carbon auction market, and the firms as bidders compete with each other to obtain a larger share of the auction. The carbon trading market, penalty, reserve price, and bidding volume limitation are considered. The simulation analysis demonstrates that bidders have different behavior in two pricing methods under different amounts of carbon permits. In the uniform price, the value of bidding volume, firms’ profit, and the trading volume for low permits and the value of the government revenue, clearing price, the trading price, and auction efficiency for high permits are greater than ones in the discriminative price method. Bidding prices have a higher dispersion in the uniform price than the discriminative price method for different amounts of carbon permits.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 91B26 / 93A16 / 91B76 / 68T05
Key words: Multi-agent-based model / carbon auction market / uniform price auction / discriminative price auction / carbon trading market / Q-learning
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, ROADEF, SMAI 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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