Volume 53, Number 4, October 2019
|Page(s)||1331 - 1342|
|Published online||07 August 2019|
Advertising and Pricing Policies in a Two-Echelon Supply Chain with a Capital-Constrained Retailer
School of Business Administration, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan Province 410082, PR China
2 School of Business, State University of New York at Oswego, Oswego, NY 13126, USA
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 25 November 2018
We consider a two-echelon supply chain consisting of one supplier and one capital-constrained retailer. The supplier can offer the retailer trade credit to fund his orders. To boost sales, the retailer invests part or all of initial capital exclusively in advertising at the beginning of the sales season. Demand is sensitive to both retail price and advertising expenses of the retailer. With a wholesale price contract, we analytically derive the Stackelberg equilibrium with respect to pricing by both parties and advertising by the retailer. Our results show that the retailer with less initial capital prefers to invest full initial capital in advertising irrespective of the advertising elasticity or the interest rate charged by the supplier. The retailer with more initial capital only invests part of initial capital in advertising. The retailer’s advertising policy under different initial capital levels always benefits the supply chain and the supplier. We further identify the effects of the advertising elasticity and the interest rate on the pricing policies. Numerical simulations and sensitivity analysis are given to elaborate our theoretical results.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 90B60
Key words: Supply chain management / capital-constrained retailer / trade credit / advertising and pricing policies
© EDP Sciences, ROADEF, SMAI 2019
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