Volume 55, Number 5, September-October 2021
|2711 - 2737
|20 September 2021
A hybrid approach to investigate the relationship between design factors and sustainability
Department of Industrial Engineering, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 23 August 2021
Factors considered in product design have a significant impact on future cost and sustainability. Some factors such as materials, dimensions, and tolerances are crucial in the design process of many products. At the macro scale, this can give rise to environmental effects and influence the reliability and sustainability of the product. In this research, a hybrid system dynamics simulation-optimization approach has been proposed for tolerance design. In this approach, first, the optimal values of tolerance and price are determined by conjoint analysis. These values are entered into a system dynamics model to evaluate the relationships among sustainability, reliability, and customer satisfaction. Then, the impact of tolerance and other factors of product design on sustainability, reliability, and customer satisfaction are investigated. This approach can help decision-makers better understand the trade-off between design factors, resilience, sustainability, and customer satisfaction and make more informed decisions. The proposed method is illustrated for computer assembly step by step. The results show that lower sustainability and higher customer satisfaction are directly associated with tighter tolerances. Besides, lower sustainability, higher reliability, and higher customer satisfaction are associated with lower quality of materials. The validity of the model was examined using a boundary-adequacy test.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 05B10 / 60K10
Key words: Conjoint analysis / system dynamics / design factors / sustainability / reliability
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, ROADEF, SMAI 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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