Volume 56, Number 1, January-February 2022
|Page(s)||349 - 365|
|Published online||07 February 2022|
Decisions and coordination of retailer-led fresh produce supply chain under two-period dynamic pricing and portfolio contracts
School of Economics and Finance, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, P.R. China
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 3 January 2022
Fresh agricultural produce is almost the staple food and necessity of people’s daily diet all over the world. However, natural perishability and freshness affect the demand for fresh agricultural produce. Due to the change of freshness, the retailer has to adopt a multi-period dynamic pricing strategy to deal with unsold products. The research object of this paper is the retailer’s two-echelon supply chain of fresh agricultural produce, and the aim is to achieve the optimal two-period coordination and ordering through options and wholesale contracts in the supply chain. In the case of two-period pricing, we find that the optimal wholesale order quantity increases with the decline of the price in the first period and tends to be stable with the decline of the price in the second period. In contrast, the price change in the first period has a greater impact on the retailer’s optimal order quantity. The profits of both the retailer and the supplier increase significantly with the increase of the price in the first period, while the impact of the change of the price in the second period is not obvious. Meanwhile, decentralized decision-making can only be coordinated in the supply chain through the original option contract at the first-period price. In the second period, the cost-sharing contract is introduced to coordinate the supply chain, increase orders, and increase the profits of both the retailer and the supplier. These findings are of great significance for both the retailer and the supplier in the multi-period dynamic pricing of fresh produce under the option contract.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 68U20 / 90B05
Key words: Fresh agricultural product supply chain / portfolio contract / two-period dynamic pricing / supply chain coordination
© The authors. Published by EDP Sciences, ROADEF, SMAI 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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