Volume 55, Number 1, January-February 2021
|Page(s)||285 - 318|
|Published online||23 March 2021|
Coordinating a fresh-product supply chain with demand information updating: Hema Fresh O2O platform
School of Business Administration, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan 410082, P.R. China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 17 February 2021
Motivated by Hema Fresh’s new-retail case, we study the coordination of a two-echelon fresh-product supply chain consisting of a single supplier and a single retailer. Due to a long production lead time, the supplier has to make production decision in advance based on early demand information. The market demand can be updated during the supplier’s production lead time. Hence, the retailer would make order decision according to the latest demand information. Incorporating risk-sharing mechanism of overproduction and overstock, we propose a novel bi-directional risk-sharing contract to coordinate such a supply chain with demand information updating. We construct a two-stage optimization model in which the supplier first decides production quantity, and then the retailer decides final order quantity not exceeding the supplier’s initial production. In both the centralized and decentralized systems, we analytically derive the unique equilibrium of production and order decisions in a Stackelberg supplier-led game. We prove that the proposed contract can realize supply chain perfect coordination and explore how the proposed contract affects the members’ decisions. The theoretical results show that, by turning the risk-sharing proportions, the supply chain profit can be arbitrarily split between the members, which is a desired property for supply chain coordination. Compared with the single risk-sharing contract, the proposed contract results in a greater supply chain profit and achieves Pareto improvement for both members. Furthermore, we also explore how the risk preference and negotiating power affect the contract selection and the additional profit allocation of the supply chain. Numerical examples are presented to verify our theoretical results.
Mathematics Subject Classification: 35J20 / 35J25 / 35J60
Key words: Supply chain management / demand information updating / dynamic order / supply chain coordination / bi-directional risk-sharing contract
© EDP Sciences, ROADEF, SMAI 2021
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